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Implementation of the Directive for the Sustainable Use of Pesticides in Hungary

27 September 2011
Events endorsed by OPERA
In  Budapest the Plant Protection and Soil Conservation Directorate and OPERA Research Center coorganized the workshop entitled "Implementation of the Directive for the Sustainable Use ofPesticides in Hungary”. This stakeholder workshop gathered representatives from all the relevantstakeholders such as, the Hungarian Ministry of Rural Development, different associations, theprivate and the academic sector up to a number of 30 participants.

The Ministry of agriculture was represented by the Deputy Head of Department, Mr. Gabor Szalkai,who focused his presentation on the “Elements of the Directive 128/2009 and the requirements forits implementation”. He presented the framework and some elements to be used in choosing thepriorities in the transposition of the Directive to national legislation and the implementation of theNational Action Plan. 

The first contribution of OPERA Research Center to the debate was focused on the link between theCAP and SUD. Mr Alexandru Marchis, Policy Team Coordinator insisted on the existing link betweenthe SUD requirements and the criteria for cross-compliance in CAP. These are to be taken intoconsideration in the implementation so as to construct requirements for farmers which are pragmaticand achievable. SUD also works as a bridge between the risk assessment and risk management aswell as it creates opportunities to improve the agricultural practice. 

Bernd Hommel from Julius Kűhn-Institute explained the structure of the NAP in Germany. Hepresented the revision of the NAP, as well as, the targets set by Germany in reducing the risk. In thecase of Germany, the NAP is constructed on a concept which derives the overall goals into objectivesand targets which are then linked with indicators. Germany is using an index indicators to manitorprogress in risk reduction. Concluding, he stated the need of broad public debates & stakeholdersparticipation (that in the case of Germany have taken place since 2002) and the need to strengthenadvisory services, field experiments and R&D. 

Dr Rita Ban from St. Istvan University presented results of relevant research projects for sustainableuse of PPP and more specifically the ENDURE network. She gave a description of the structure of theproject and the most important conclusions and tools developed which are relevant for theimplementation of the Sustainable Use Directive.

Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, contributed through the presence of Dr. Calliera Maura whopresented the guidelines that were developed for the sustainable use of pesticides in Italy. Thedocument was developed in a multi-stakeholder process. The project targets to develop instrumentsfor the easy identification of the areas to reduce or mitigate risks and to provide the appropriatesolutions at farm level. The comprehensive guidelines developed are accompanied by a diagnosissoftware to identify bottlenecks in the whole lifecycle of pesticides at farm level.

The role of mitigation measures in risk reduction presented by Ms Amalia Kafka, scientific officer of OPERA Research Center; focused on the OPERA recommendations for the implementation of theSustainable Use Directive. The closing presentation was delivered by Dr Andras Kadar representative of the pesticides industry.He presented the view of the industry on Risk Indicators for the implementation of the SustainableUse Directive in a presentation entitled “HUCPA views on implementation of the Directive 128/ 2009in Hungary”. 

The presentations were followed by a breakout sessions where three different groups discussed onthe priorities for the National Action Plan, especially focusing on solutions for aerial application; thecontrol of machineries for pesticide application and the education and training which needs to beprovided for the proper use of pesticides. 

The workshop concluded in a plenary session, where the participants were asked to reply to anumber of questions, using an electronic response system, to identify the priorities of the NationalAction Plan. 

One of the most important conclusions that arise out of the replies of the participants refers to thebelief that the productivity should not decrease because of the measures chosen in the NationalAction Plan. They also identified that, the task of educating the farmers should be given to the publicsector, while training seems to be the top priority into the NAP. The risks and potential acute andchronic effects on human health as well as on risk management measures in areas used by thegeneral public need to be one of the priorities in the communication campaign to be developed inthe plan. The IPM was considered as the element that would minimize the risk when adopted intothe Hungarian NAP, followed by the promotion of Best Agricultural Practices



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